Testosterone is a potent steroid hormone from the androgen group. It is primarily produced by the testes of males and ovaries of females. In men, testosterone regulates the development of male reproductive system in addition to male secondary sex characteristics such as increased muscle size and strength, bone mass, deeper voice and the growth of body hair. Testosterone also helps maintain red blood cell production, sperm production and fat distribution. Testosterone is essential for health and well being, and is also used as a drug in the treatment of certain medical disorders. Chemical formula: C 19 H 28 O 2
Testosterone level test checks the level of this male hormone in the blood. The normal range for testosterone levels in men is broad and varies by stage of maturity and age. It is normal for testosterone levels to decline as men age. Since the level of testosterone varies depending upon the time of day your doctor may want you to do a morning blood test when testosterone levels are highest.
Benefits include positive effects on mood, energy levels, improvement of libido and sexual function including frequency of spontaneous erections, increased bone density and reduced body fat, weight and cholesterol count. Testosterone therapy was also shown to enhance cognitive and verbal abilities. According to the American Journal of Cardiology, testosterone therapy reduces the risk of death from abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) increased physical strength and muscle size, Improved body composition.
First step in testosterone management is finding a knowledgeable physician. On the first consultation appointment, a careful history and physical examination is required as well as a comprehensive blood test, which includes not only free testosterone levels but also other important parameters. Results are usually available within the next day. If your testosterone levels are low, the physician may recommend a testosterone treatment program in order to increase your testosterone levels. Once testosterone replacement therapy has been initiated, it is recommended to have a follow up visit after one to two months in order to assess the effectiveness of the treatment and dosage.